The shortage of talent available with cybersecurity skills has been widely publicized. Worse still, the gap is forecast to grow. Cybersecurity Ventures, for one, identified a current estimated 350,000 open cyber security positions in the US, and a predicted global shortfall of 3.5 million cyber security jobs by 2021. These strategies can help your organization better address the cybersecurity skills gap.
Cyberthreats were one of the four top threats to business growth prospects in PwC's 2018 CEO survey. Its jump to the fourth spot was a leap up six places from just the year before. And surely 2018's no. 5 threat, "availability of key skills" and no. 6's "speed of technological change" is both relevant to this increasing CEO concern.
Yet, there's a problem of supply and demand. The problem is attributed to several factors:
The advances in technology, such as artificial intelligence, IoT, data mining, and machine learning are only further widening the gap. According to the Cybersecurity Workforce Alliance, for instance, the number of students entering courses, participating states and schools, and demonstrating initial awareness of cybersecurity as a career is currently only 1%.
"Nowhere is the workforce-skills gap more pronounced than in cybersecurity." — Wharton
So, what can be done to address the huge demand for cybersecurity skills across private and public sector industries? These strategies may help.
Companies need to build up their own internal cybersecurity skills base. This means comprehensive training. Only individuals with a thorough understanding of compliance and standards and end-to-end security issues can create, support, and maintain the robust security posture your business needs. RedTeam Security, for example, offers social engineering and Red Team training courses. The Red Team course guides students through a full-cycle Red Team Operation from the planning phase to the reporting phase.
By looking only to hire graduates of four-year-college tech programs, the business fails to consider the varied skills and perspectives people with nontraditional backgrounds may bring.
IBM, for example, has worked to prioritize attributes that can't be taught in a classroom — "unbridled curiosity, passion for problem-solving, strong ethics, and understanding of risks." In the Harvard Business Review, an IBM columnist noted, "People with these traits can quickly pick up the technical skills through on-the-job training, industry certifications, community college courses, and modern vocational and skills education programs."
Gartner fellow and research vice president Tom Scholtz suggest taking a "lean approach" to staffing instead of trying to meet "ever-growing threats" with "an ever-growing security team." He notes that simply getting bigger is not the best solution; "many routine security functions can, in fact, be performed as well, if not better, by other IT or business functions."
For example, user awareness communications could be shifted to human resources or another internal department to facilitate IT teams having more bandwidth to make the essential risk-based decisions.
Cybersecurity should not be the sole responsibility of the IT team — no matter its size. It may be IT leading the charge, but the entire organization needs to recognize and understand the importance of cybersecurity. All business processes, data, and application owners have a role to play in protecting enterprise resources.
"Security is truly everyone's problem; virtually every aspect of personal and professional data is at risk." — HBR
Your employees are a great asset, yet they can also present a real cybersecurity threat. You might consider:
Penetration testing is another effective way to address the cybersecurity skills gap. After all, instead of requiring your already overworked and short-staffed IT team to try and identify all possible vulnerabilities in a network, application, or device they know intimately, you can turn to external experts.
RedTeam Security offers application penetration testing, network penetration testing, physical penetration testing, and IoT/Device penetration testing to help your team identify and fix vulnerabilities. Contact us today to make penetration testing part of your defense arsenal.